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UFO – Hagen, Germany, 1980

UFO – Hagen, Germany, 1980

The object observed in the video below, made by Marrs Dommin on the afternoon of June 4, 1980 in Hagen...

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Sports Bettor’s Guide to Astrology – How Your Star Sign Impacts the Outcome

Does your luck just seem to run out some days? Have you ever wondered if there was a reason why certain days weren’t in your favour? Well, it might surprise you to learn that astrology could provide answers – if you want an edge with sports betting, looking towards the stars could be beneficial!

In this guide, we will explain the effects of the various star signs on how lucky or unlucky sports bets are and how they can impact the outcome of games. So, don’t miss out any longer – start making smart decisions by having a better understanding of predicting future results through astrology!

What is Astrology?

If you are a sports bettor wanting to improve your bets or at least lose less, you could try astrology. However, what is astrology? Astrology studies how the relative positions and movements of planets and stars (celestial bodies) influence or impact the natural world and human affairs.

Even though astrology has become incredibly popular over the last few years, people actually began studying it 32,000 years ago, with cave paintings showing various lunar phases. It’s assumed that back then, people attempted to make sense of the random world around them by attributing what happened based on the stars they could see.

What is Sports Betting?

As you very well may know, sports betting is the act of betting on sports, more specifically, betting on a specific outcome. Sports betting has become a massive industry worth around $231 globally. Even though betting on sports at physical venues is still popular, online sports betting now dominates.

In terms of what sports are bet on, almost all of them are. You can bet on soccer, football, tennis, golf, basketball, and horse racing. With horse racing betting sites offering secure payment methods to back up sports bets, it has become increasingly popular worldwide. Whether it is wagering on horse races online or pre-recorded event tournaments, these websites provide several opportunities to bet and win in your favourite sports game.

Regardless of your experience with sports betting, there are plenty of ways for beginners and experts alike to enjoy the excitement of being part of an action-packed game with their favourite teams.

Sports Astrology

Now that you have a better idea of what sports betting is and what astrology is, it’s time to take a look at sports astrology. As mentioned above, astrology studies how celestial bodies influence the human world and natural affairs. Sports astrology, then, is the study of how the stars can influence the outcome of a sports match.

However, that’s not all; sports astrology also uses data and information from previous sports matches and information related to current matches to predict an outcome. In other words, sports astrology doesn’t seek to replace the traditional methods of predicting the result of a sports match; it instead seeks to add to it.

Gambling Horoscopes

One of the methods that sports astrology uses to add to the process of predicting the results of a sports match would be gambling horoscopes. What is a gambling horoscope? Like regular horoscopes that give you a brief idea of what decisions to make or what to expect for any given week or month, gambling horoscopes look to do the same thing.

For example, a gambling horoscope might give you advice such as “take the time to do research”, or “put money on well-researched bets”, or even “get into fixed-odds gambling”. At the end of the day, these are tips you should follow regardless of your star sign. It’s important to always research before making a bet, whether you are an Aries or a Libra.

However, discretion is essential when following gambling horoscopes. For instance, one said that you should play slot games this month to win big. However, remember that slot games use random number generation and have the highest house edge; they are notoriously difficult and next to impossible to make money from.

Lucky Numbers

Finally, your star sign could impact the outcome of your bets with lucky numbers. If you want to make successful bets, you need to know your lucky numbers. These numbers obviously change from month to month, so keeping track of them is important. For example, the numbers this month might be 6, 9, 11, 19, 25, 35, and 60 for Cancer. Incorporating these numbers into your betting strategy could lead to increased wins.

Reports OF UFOs

How Reports OF UFOs Have Changed  

A UFO is also known as an unidentified flying object, and most of the times, when someone speaks of UFOs, they mean to be talking about an alien spacecraft. There have actually been so many conspiracy theories and also so many reports of UFO landings and UFOs taking off. There are also some people who claim that they have seen UFOs flying around and some people have actually posted videos on the internet where a UFO was being escorted by military aircrafts. There have actually been too many confusing things that happen in the whole UFO theme. Read more

There are actually some people who have dedicated their entire life for the study and also the figuring out of why and how these UFOs fly around, why they are where they are, what is in them, what the government is hiding from us, how they are powered and more. These people normally get trouble with the government.

Well, UFO reports have actually changed a lot over the years, and nowadays people do not get as paranoid about UFOs as they used to. According to RocketNews. people sometimes state that they have sightings, but no one has proven it. People have described them as white flying saucers; some people say that they are darker in color, and some people have said that they do not have wings as well. Some people have also said that they do not fly like an airplane and the flight pattern was very unpredictable and also very high paced followed by rapid and high acceleration with a sound which sounded like nothing a human would have made. There was also no trail present. Some people have also reported that one of them was going really fast underwater and he was sure that it was not a creature underwater and that it was a UFO because he also reported saying that he saw it leave the water and catapult into the sky in speeds that our machines have not yet achieved.

These reports actually send chills down my spine. Now I will list out some of the things that these reports have stated as well.

  • They have said that these UFOs have anti-gravity lift and this is also unlike any known aircraft. These objects have also been sighted overcoming the problem of Earth’s gravity. It was also said that they did not have any flight surfaces like wings.
  • There have been multiple reports of sudden and instant acceleration, unlike any device or machine invented by man. I mean, such speeds are not actually possible by any of the vehicles that we have invented yet.
  • These UFOs also seemed to travel faster than the speed of sound, and they went to hypersonic velocities without leaving behind any signatures at all.

Try this


Ufology and Official Science

According to, the “Ufologists” have contributed not a little to creating first, to keeping awake then, to exasperating in some cases the public interest in the problem of the presence of intelligent life in the universe.

At least for this reason, official science should pay, at a minimum, a debt of gratitude to those “Don Quixotes” of heaven who are the Ufologists. What exactly are Ufologists? find for more info here. Generally they are young people who know nothing about science (because they never did it, because it is not their job), nor its methods, nor its purposes, nor its categories. Full of enthusiasm and prejudice that derive directly from the mysteries, fables, fantastic tales, the ancient aspirations of man, full of confidence in the value of eyewitness testimonies which are their main observation in the external world and their most noteworthy source of information, quite full of themselves and very sure of their ability to see right, almost messianic, as is moreover appropriate to ”

This, in fact, was given to him and, as will be seen, in a completely sufficient way for the official science to be able to draw its conclusions.

However, since they are not favorable to the theses of ufologists, they are contested by them together with the methods followed to obtain them. Official science is accused of having manipulated the cards, of neglecting very important facts, of having hidden on purpose, terribly disturbing events, of being placed at the service of governments that do not want to hear about UFOs. Obviously, it is very difficult to get out of this state of affairs. Either you give him reason and then everything is fine, or you do not give it to him and then you are an academic, reactionary, unimaginative mold, foot-licks and bag holders of the powerful who will adequately compensate you for your subjection to their ideas that are dead and buried.

The general public – educated, as we have seen, by the information articulated and reasoned by the mass media – has no hesitation. Holds for Ufologists. Which is also right, given that, moreover, there were no other reasons – but there are! – one cannot avoid being on the side of the victims, of the persecuted. And therefore there is no possibility of dialogue. However, as I said, someone among astronomers owes something to these dreamers. And not just among astronomers. There is also a whole host of people, science fiction writers, film subject writers, comic book authors, film directors and other entertainment staff, publishers, toy manufacturers; an infinity of people who, although not owing everything to ufologists, a little

Indeed, ufology is a business. A deal worth billions. Indeed, not a few served to enrich themselves. Instead ufologists, like all enthusiasts, derive nothing from what they do. Indeed, with some rare exceptions, as is probably the ex-astronomer Hynek who is a bit the scientific reference of the whole company that has made important and fruitful ties with the businessmen, they almost always work, as they say, on expenses.

The last remnant of that authentic breed of generous, selfless, who does not extinguish despite the severe blows inflicted by materialistic consumerism, have, in return, only the possibility, and to some extent the consolation, of feeling like scientists. Or even more, heroic scientists, opposed by the stupid, obtuse, overbearing official science. Many Galilei, many Giordano Bruno in power. And they continually attack believing themselves to be attacked, thinking of creating trustworthiness by making noise. But it is clear that it takes more. In fact, in times when they keep calm they are completely forgotten.

But those who have certainly lost and paid for the affairs of each and the passions of the others, have been the common people who, ultimately, have done nothing but lose a little more of that little brain that the organization modern life had left him.

Before talking in detail about UFOs and ufologists, it will not be bad to immediately say why, except for some exceptions that are statistically not relevant, scientists reject UFOs and ufologists …

Science, indeed, let us say more correctly, the scientists, those of the caste, had made themselves, since ancient times, a whole world of ideas on natural phenomena. He liked those ideas. But then they threw them away and built others. And he liked these too. They also threw these and formulated others. This has happened many times in history and has happened either as a result of second thoughts, or because of external pushes, or because of new phenomena that have imposed an adjustment, sometimes a radical change of views. The news, the provocations to change have always come from the world of men, not from heaven. This means that scientists, by ancient custom, not only do not refuse to consider possible novelties – and how could they? news, problems, are their daily bread! – but they are happy to meet them. This is why they are actually among the most unprejudiced people there are. More than politicians, who are perhaps more unscrupulous, they are flexible and inclined to compromise. We must therefore reject any insinuation on a kind of conspiracy that scientists would have designed against ufologists. Instead, it has happened that ufologists, like astrologers, like many of these confusioners who have, as you often hear jokingly, few but well confused ideas, have come out of time. Had they arrived before Galileo they would certainly have had great success in

Ufologists arrived out of time, when by now the scientific world had had the opportunity, in four centuries, to make many reflections and to clarify the ideas on the techniques of thinking and the validity of the results. They not only do not take into account the modern rules of the game, but, as in pre-Galelian times, they continue to want to do science on the basis of confused, uncontrollable facts, not within everyone’s reach, which occur when they please. Furthermore, the evidence they use comes almost always from people who are not trained to observe, who see things never seen before, of which they therefore have no experience, and who, moreover, find themselves in conditions of surprise and often of great excitement. In the field of ufology all the witnesses are good: the boys, the peasants, the teachers, the illiterate, the military, the presidents, all in short; even animals. Instead, as is known, to make even the most banal scientific observation requires professional preparation without which one cannot work seriously or honestly.

And let it not be said that among the testimonies on which the “scientific” conclusions of ufology are based, there are also objective facts. Which ones are they? Burns on the ground, or footprints; all things of little value that, moreover, could also have been done artfully as in the many cases of false proof in which ufology has repeatedly fallen. The bulk of the observation base however comes from eyewitness accounts. Of course, the good faith of the people who see is not questioned, although it is proven that there are also those – and not only in this field – who say they see without this being true. But in any case, what does it mean to see? And does seeing in itself prove that what has been seen has really happened? If in itself it is not proof, with the use of what techniques can it become? Is the number of facts seen enough? Then you have to ask yourself: why should the visions related to UFOs (I intend to speak also of those few cases among tens of thousands that, it seems, remain unexplained) should be particularly reliable visions? Or must it be believed that the visions of the dying, those of the saints, those of the drunks, also correspond to objective realities? Does the Lockness monster really exist given that someone says they have been able to observe it, or even photograph it? And does the famous Yeti, the abominable snowman, exist? Some UFOs are said to have been seen by entire crowds; hallucination is therefore excluded. And those medieval crowds who saw flaming swords and severed heads in comets? But without going so far (it could be that the news that has come to us does not correspond to what really happens) you can take the magazine “Gente” of 30 May 1980 and read the article that begins on page 48, with the title “Strani prodigies in the sun “just like 33 years ago. Talk about events that took place in Rome on April 12, 1980 – 1980, not 1280! – to the sanctuary of the Tre Fontane. “Thousands of people have seen the Sun, surrounded by a colorful halo, moving in the sky, rotating swirling on itself, changing color, presenting inside images and religious symbols that varied continuously. Among the witnesses mentioned and photographed by the newspaper, there is a degree in agriculture, a medical graduate, children, priests. There is also a seer who at the Tre Fontane in 1947 saw the Madonna (and since then, a specialist in seeing things that others do not see, she has seen her another twenty-two times) “.

Here it is. What should be done with these testimonials? Do we take those two doctors, one in agriculture, the other in medicine, or are they less good than the policemen and airmen mentioned by ufologists? In other words, who says he saw a UFO, is it more reliable than who says he saw the Madonna? And those three thousand people who have followed the bewildering (as the newspaper defines it) event for more than half an hour, have gotten into trouble? All three thousand or not? In short, was it a physical phenomenon or not? But if it was, the Sun, as it was seen by those thousands of people, shouldn’t it have been seen by those other billions that had it above the horizon? And if, on the other hand, it was not a physical phenomenon, if it was not one of those phenomena that are visible and experienced by everyone when they occur, can it be part of physical science? Here: no, it cannot be part of it and it cannot even be the subject of scientific discussion concerning the world of objects. It could possibly find a place in a study of man and his behavior. In the extreme, it could be part of a study of the physiology of hallucination. Each era has had its own type of visions and visionaries and perhaps this is the phenomenon to be studied: “why does man have visions? Why can he exchange for reality what is only in his head ?. It could possibly find a place in a study of man and his behavior. In the extreme, it could be part of a study of the physiology of hallucination. Each era has had its own type of visions and visionaries and perhaps this is the phenomenon to be studied: “why does man have visions? Why can he exchange for reality what is only in his head ?. It could possibly find a place in a study of man and his behavior. In the extreme, it could be part of a study of the physiology of hallucination. Each era has had its own type of visions and visionaries and perhaps this is the phenomenon to be studied: “why does man have visions? Why can he exchange for reality what is only in his head ?.

Once angels and saints appeared, and also witches, gnomes, creatures more or less distant from the human. Dragons have always been seen green and it has always been found that they threw fire from the mouth or nostrils.

In the nineteenth century there was no respectable lounge that did not have a moving table that was made by spirits, who were also capable of materializing. Today, time of special and refined technologies, UFOs rightly appear. Objects that are substantially compatible with the reality in which we live – albeit a little fictional, Verne-like – and consistent with what people, poorly informed, believe is the stage of development of space technology and electronics.

Well; science that deals with the world of objects (physics, chemistry, astronomy, etc.) deals, so to speak, with stones that fall for everyone in the same way.

Even for those who can’t see.

One does not do science, simply by dealing, chatting, discussing anything: in this way one becomes a living room.

To make science is to apply an investigation technique, fairly precise although not absolutely precise, to natural phenomena. All that comes out of the objectives and scientific methodology is not science, even if it is not said that we should throw it away. For heaven’s sake, we have already said it; we know well that science does not exhaust the world of man.

Based on the “material” collected with methods, these, prejudiced, certainly not in line with the rules that make a scientific investigation, ufologists conclude, in different ways, with different nuances, or with notable differences, that around us there is a world of mysterious beings.

It is useless to describe this world and these beings.

The characteristics, the properties of the material or spiritual entities coming from other worlds of our universe, or from other universes contiguous to ours, are what we have seen from the beginning when we talked about gods of fairies, gnomes, d ‘ angels and demons.

What these ufologists bring us is a modern version, 20th century, god of ancient fears, of myths and legends of a remote past, of the time when man trembled with lightning which was a sure sign of divine anger. These good young people, who accuse science of being rational, are the true rational ones, who would like to impose buried ideas, with all due respect, for at least four hundred years.

One of the many alleged photographic documentation on UFOs.

But the photographic image is no longer objective of the visual image:

who could say that what you see is a small object

at 50 meters or a 100 times larger object at five kilometers?

The staff of refrains from adding any comment to this article, leaving the reader free to evaluate and deepen the topic but with hope. In fact, this article was written about 30 years ago and it is hoped therefore that throughout this time the state of affairs has changed, both in the field of Ufology and in that of official Science.

Mario Rigutti was born in Trieste and completed his university studies in Florence, where he then carried out research at the Arcetri Observatory.

Obtained the chair of astronomy at the University of Naples, he directed the Astronomical Observatory of Capodimonte (Naples), which has equipped an astronomical station on the Basilicata mountains with one of the largest and most modern telescopes present in Italy and a Astronomical museum. He was president of the National Astronomy Group of the CNR and of the Italian Astronomical Society, of which he directed the Journal of Astronomy for several years. He held important positions within the International Astronomical Union and was part of the “Sun” Group of ESRO (today: ESA). He has organized and directed four expeditions for the observation of solar eclipses and has published multiple research works, teaching, scientific popularization, articles and reviews:


Remote Control

1. X-raids, 1945-46

In the course of researching these incidents, we collected information from the RAF crew and battle control personnel who were on duty in the postwar period. We received two replies from senior RAF officers, who had been present when strange echoes had been revealed by the British air defense radar systems. The initial accidents occurred during the period 1945-47, immediately before and after the “phantom missile” had floated in Scandinavia. At that time Air Force Lt. Geoffrey Easterling was placed in Group 12 of the RAF Filter Room, Watnall, Nottinghamshire, where information from the Radar stations along the coast was compared and tracked. Group 12, he was responsible for air defense in a large swath of land on the English east coast and the access routes to the North Sea. Easterling remembered:

“During this period, accidents of many aircraft flying at high altitude were not uncommon. There were many of those called X-raids, collected on the vast range of Chain Home Radars – unidentified, high altitude and irregular. They did not indicate any civil airline and were too tall. They had been located at a height of over 35,000 feet and were very fast. This caused quite a bit of panic and doubt as that height was beyond the reach of each of our aircraft (the ones we knew). There was a meeting to discuss Russian spy planes, which monitored our radio frequencies and our R / T communications. It was suggested that they had gimmicks by which they could ascertain the limits of our Radar (through internal stratagems in their possession),”

Air Force Lt. Easterling remained convinced that these traces of high altitude flights were Soviet aircraft flying to and from occupied bases in Germany. “They were common fantasies during the Cold War,” he said. “We attributed these X-raids to Russian bombers. Sometimes the aircraft were coded but nothing was seen.”

Suspicions of Soviet intentions in Western Europe were rooted and in 1974 the previous Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, made his famous speech describing how an “Iron Curtain” had descended on the European continent. It was logical, in that climate of hostility, that the British defense chiefs would consider the possibility that “The ghost plane” located on the North Sea was a Russian flying intruder formula, developed using the latest German technology obtained at the end of the war.

2. The ghost plane

The mysterious echoes captured by the Radar came to the attention of the public when the ” London Daily Mail ” made the novice public on the front page of the edition of April 29, 1947. The title was ” Ghost plane over the coast, identified by the RAF, not they took it “:

“A ghost plane that flies off the coast of East Anglia, near Norwich, at midnight and at high altitude, disappears inland, puzzling the Royal Air Force. All the interception attempts made so far have failed. An excellent night fighter pilot was sent aboard the most modern Mosquito (an ultralight aircraft) of the Commando Caccia, but the ghost aircraft went away every time. It has always crossed the coast in approximately the same place, and has used an effective evasive tactic that is thought to be equipped with Radar that warn of the approach of an interception aircraft. Very often the Radar of the operators of the Commando Caccia, who have traced the path of the ghost plane on East Anglia, have seen the “signal” head to the right of their screen and disappear as if the plane had entered the deep hinterland. They vainly watched the signal reappear, moving in the opposite direction, as if the plane was flying back to the open sea. Some experts suggest that the plane is engaged in a very well organized and generously funded smuggling operation that uses one or more secret airstrips. According to authoritative information, the plane – of an unidentified type – has a speed of almost 400 miles per hour and a rapid change in variometric speed. Some experts suggest that the plane is engaged in a very well organized and generously funded smuggling operation that uses one or more secret airstrips. According to authoritative information, the plane – of an unidentified type – has a speed of almost 400 miles per hour and a rapid change in variometric speed. Some experts suggest that the plane is engaged in a very well organized and generously funded smuggling operation that uses one or more secret airstrips. According to authoritative information, the plane – of an unidentified type – has a speed of almost 400 miles per hour and a rapid change in variometric speed.”

Once questioned, the Air Force Ministry refused to speculate on the identity of the “ghost plane”, but they admitted to having received twice, what was described as “some extraordinary diagrams” from its coastal radar station, to the Commando Caccia. The “ghost plane”, according to the London Daily Mail , showed “very high altitude and remarkable speed changes” between 400 and 425 miles per hour, higher than the maximum speed achieved by the British night fighters, The Mosquitoes, which were slowly replacing the new Meteor jets with QRA (Quick Reaction Alert) functions.This ghost plane or “UFO” was classified in the RAF registers as “X-362”. The nomination of “X” for was assigned to numerous Radar tracks that could not be identified, and are assumed to be hostile. At the beginning of 1947 an “X” had become so familiar to the officers in the Operations Room of the Caccia Commando that they had invented a nickname for him “Charlie”. The plan to identify and intercept the “X” objectives became known through the code words: “Operation Charlie”.

3. Chain Home

In the post-war era, the British Air Force continued to rely on the Radar Chain Home (CH) system for air defense. The CH was a network of coastal stations characterized by antennas mounted on tall wooden towers. CHs appear crude to current standards but at the time they were the most advanced alarm system in the world. The Radars were developed in great secrecy, before the outbreak of the war and from 1939 its coverage extended from the Isle of Wight to the Scottish border. The CH gave the Commando Caccia, the warning of an approaching enemy aircraft to the English coast and the development of the Ground Controller Interception (GCI). The ground control made sure that the combat aircraft were guided towards them. The Chain Home allowed the RAF to win the English Battle and make sure that the Radar,

Occasionally in 1939 and again in 1941 before the English Battle, CH stations detected unusual Radar echoes along the English coast that were reported at the time of war to the Filter Rooms and the RAF Hunting Command. On several occasions the fighters equipped with the latest version of the Radar on board were made to take off very quickly for testing, but nothing was found and the phenomena were attributed to anomalous transmissions (AP) or “particular weather conditions”. As Britain was fighting a war, no in-depth investigation reports were made by the scientific staff, but the Air Force Ministry was beginning to be aware that the Radars that helped defend the English coast were prone to AP and other surnamed false returns. ”

At the end of the war the CHs were considered somewhat old and with little potential and only the GCI stations remained active, mainly during the day. Once or twice a month the system was turned on for a while, in the evening, because target exercises were organized by the Bomber Command. These involved convoys of timber that were transported south from their bases in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire at the time of the war. To reach the coast they would have crossed the North Sea, towards the Netherlands, while the GCI would have guided the fighters behind them to simulate “real” interceptions.

4. January 16, 1947 – The accident in the North Sea

On the evening of 16 January 1947, the Air Force Lt. David Richards was the chief and second in charge of the RAF group 11 filtering room, Bentley Priory. This was located in the expanse of Hill House, a large Victorian mansion in Stanmore, north east London. A targeting exercise was being performed that included squads 25 and 29 of the Mosquitoes, of the RAF west Malling in Kent. Two Squadron 29 aircraft were operating far from the east coast under GCI control at Trimely Heath, near Felixstowe, Suffolk. The GCI reported to the Group 11 Operation Room in Uxbridge, which in turn communicated the details to the Filter Room in Stanmore. The first clue that something strange had happened was when Richards received a call on a landline. He recalls:

” Trimley called me on the phone to report a strange diagram / signal, which was either stationary at very high altitude, or in irregular motion at great speed, and then stopped again. If it had been a conventional aircraft, it would have traveled uniformly, but This was not a plane, but it was something very strange 400 miles per hour (citing the London Daily Mail ) is a somewhat disappointing figure, which falls within the range of some types of aircraft of 1947. Someone (probably one of the Radar stations or Uxbridge, Group 11 operational headquarters) worked out the speed of the track, rather intermittently, and it turned up with the surprising figure of 1000 miles per hour! ”

A speed of 1000 miles per hour was truly amazing, until October 1947, when the US test pilot first broke the sound barrier (760 miles per hour / 1200 km above sea level) in a Bell X-1 rocket plane. RIchards continues:

“This estimated speed shows that the thing did not seem to move in a straight line, but disappeared and reappeared and sometimes remained motionless, before disappearing again. Without a visual identification that did not exist, it would be impossible for the crew to be certain that they are examining the same object. Note that the Mosquito would make an interception on a Lancaster in the interval of about 40 minutes. In this time, even 400 miles per hour on the straight would have brought the aircraft from the east coast to Scotland! I can remember this question of identifying the diagram that manifested in conversation between us, our stations and Umbridge at that time. They, Trimley Heat GCI, were looking at the screen and could judge whether the echo was from the same object or a new one. This probably resulted in the estimated speed, based on the reappearances in different places and at different heights. Trimley was questioned on this point, both by us and by Uxbridge, but without fail. After a few chats between Uxbridge and the scientific officials from the stations it was concluded that their diagrams were valid, no weather balloons etc. (which I had already done), it was decided to divert the investigations into the Mossies.”

If the target was an airplane, it was showing itself with unprecedented flight characteristics. And again, if it hadn’t been an airplane, what could it have been?

Air Force Lt. Easterling was also present at Group 11 Headquarters when the accident began. He remembered the initial trace of the Radar that occurred somewhere over the Dutch islands before being acquired by the GCI. “He came towards us in about an hour or so, stopping and leaving, towards Norfolk where he crossed the coast towards Lincolnshire. The Mossies were the only aircraft we had, capable of reaching that height by having oxygen.” David Richards confirms this impression. He stated that from the initial contact made near the Dutch coast “the object was almost certainly identified by our Chain Home stations. These do not normally operate on land and look only towards the sea.”

The details of the accident had been kept in the RAF’s records of operations (ORBs). The ORBs were the registers compiled by the RAF stations and the squadrons recorded the activities daily and monthly, including all the maneuvers performed which served as an exercise to the operations. During the Cold War, security restrictions implied that few, if not a few, annotations made in the ORBs were related to the investigation of “unidentified” radar tracks. For this reason, the registers of 1947 are unique as they allow us to reconstruct how the RAF reacted to the unknown.

The register of the Headquarters of the Eastern Hunting sector, RAF Horsham St. Faith (Norfolk) dated 16 January 1947, reveals:

” An unidentified aircraft was viewed in WC 9585 at 38,000 feet, and the Group was asked by the eastern sector for operations to send a Squadron 23 Mosquito to intercept it. Anyway, since there was no aircraft provided of oxygen, the request could not be met, and the operations sector was informed by group 12 that a Group 11 aircraft that was already flying for target exercise would try to intercept under Trimley Heat’s control. ”

The original track placed the target at 38,000 feet moving west across the north sea. According to a memorandum from the British Ministry of Defense drawn up for the United States Air Force, the incident started 50 miles off the Dutch coast at 52 ’52 “N 02′ 37″ E. Later contacts involved the Trimley Heat GCI, which he considered a lower altitude, associating the signal level with the bombers participating in the target-shooting exercise. At Trimley Heat the station’s operation logs recorded how the Mosquito HAIROIL 27 call sign would make an initial contact, with an unidentified target at 20.14 at 17,000 feet but, lost immediately afterwards. Despite looking for the target,

” Five other contacts were made in rapid succession with X.362 (Operation Charlie), which was pursued from 21.20 until 22.02, when the interception was abandoned due to problems with AI (Aircraft Radar). This objective was completely unidentified. The maximum interception was at 17,000 feet and the target dropped to 6,000 feet by 22.02. ”

A brief summary of the accident appears in the operations book of the headquarters of the Guerrillas Command of Group No. 11, which reads:

” … two aircraft operating on the east coast under Trimely Heat GCI made five contacts and five prey on Lancaster between 15,000 and 18,000 feet … one of these aircraft, chased an unidentified one between 9.30 and 10 pm, from 22,000 to 5,000 feet. No visual contact was obtained. ”

The US Air Force report sent to the “Ministry of Air Defense of Britain” reported the incident report, as follows:

” During normal night flights at 10.30pm one of the British Mosquitoes was the carrier of an unidentified A / C at 22,000 feet. A long pursuit took place on the North Sea about 50 miles from the Dutch coast and ended at 11pm on Norfolk. Two brief AI contacts were made but quickly faded. The unidentified aircraft appeared to have efficient control in an evasive action. ”

“Evasive action” implies intelligent control and this incident increased the fear that an enemy aircraft had entered the exercise. In any case, it was immediately clear that no Soviet aircraft could match the performance of this “flying object”.

The incident was also linked to another “X raid” tracked by the Radar, which occurred earlier on the same day. Shortly after noon, the Meteors of the RAF 74 and 245 squadrons of Horsam St. Faith were involved in an interception practice under the control of the RAF GCI in Neatishead, when an unidentified target was traced 30,000 feet above Norfolk. The officer in command of Squadron 74, the head of the Cooksey company was asked to divert and intercept, but was unable to follow the target due to lack of fuel. The call sign of the Meteor to Kremlin 34 was made with difficulty but “the aircraft disappeared north of Neatishead.”

Air Force Lt. Richards recalled the interest that followed to the Air Defense Ministry which ordered him to write “a confidential report” on the incident photocopied to the HQ Fighter Command.

“I would believe that the Filter Room’s graphic report would have been included in a more detailed Group 11 report that would include similar reports, likely to be confidential and not included in the GCI ORBs.” In summary, Richards said:

” Events are always fixed in my memory as my only” close encounter of the third type “and although the term” UFO “was not in use then, we wondered if the shrewd Russians had produced secret, fast-developing aircraft of German technology, which we at RAF, were starting to realize how important it was to have on our own. ”

Six months later, in July 1947 the “FBI” agreed to help the “US Army Air Force” in the very first studies of the “flying saucers” that would become Project Sign. One of the unexplained incidents that was forwarded to the bureau was a copy of the summary of the British Air Defense Ministry memo regarding the incident in the North Sea. The summary of the British Air Defense Ministry case stated that: “No explanation was forthcoming, nor was it repeated.”

This information was not entirely accurate, because a very similar incident happened only 24 hours after the episode in the North Sea. As a direct result, the Hunting Command immediately extended its view of the Night Radars.

5. January 17, 1947: Operation Charlie Phase 2

On the afternoon of January 17, 1947, Chain Home stations in Lincolnshire (Skendleby and Humberstone) traced what they described as “an exceptionally good track” (U294) 10,000 feet above the North Sea. With the eastern sector on the alert, Meteor jets from Squadron 245 were put on hold, ready for a quick take-off if Charlie had entered the range, but the trail vanished from their screens. At 7.45 pm the Radar station in Humberstone near Grimsby again tracked an unidentified target over the sea for a period of approximately 30 minutes, at a speed of approximately 200 miles per hour. The station report:

” U 360 (unidentified track) was followed continuously for 90 miles at 10,000 feet, moving from east to west over the north sea, before changing direction south, moving once more to the Norfolk coast. ”

Tension can be measured by a recording stating that this was “the longest guard period ever since the end of hostilities, running six and a half hours until 01.30”.

During the evening, the Mosquitoes of squadron 23 remained “waiting” for Charlie’s return under the control of the RAF Neatishead. Located on the local road in Norfolk, Neatishead is the oldest radar station in the world. It started in 1941 and became a GCI station the following year. In his reports, Squadron Leader SL Cruwys, reported that on January 17th one of the Mosquitoes in Squadron 23 was “sent off just before midnight to intercept an unidentified high altitude aircraft.” Cruwys reported how an attempted approach was made, when the contact was at 18,000 feet but, “the observer was unable to maintain it because the target was moving violently”. Other contacts were made when the target quickly dropped to 2,000 feet,

The East Sector Headquarters report adds further details:

” A Mosquito from Squadron 23, from pilot Kent, was ready at Wittering to attempt an interception of the unidentified aircraft, which had been tracked several times lately. At 8.40 pm it was tracked at WN 6038 (square grid). The track in a the first moment was heading south and the Mosquito, which had been put on hold, was brought back into action, but when the track turned again in the direction of the east sector the Mosquito had to leave quickly at 11.27 pm. 1 or 2 miles several times, no interception was made of the target that carried out a violent evasive action.The track vanished at 00.15 and after having searched the north-south border for a while, the aircraft returned to the base at 00.45. ”

The Mosquito pilot was a WWII veteran, a nightfighter aviator born in Sheffield, William Kent. His report confirms the accident. In red ink he notes a strange nocturnal sortie at 1 and 45 minutes: “A somewhat shaken interception”. In 2001 we tracked down and interviewed Kent, who retired from the RAF with the rank of Group Commander.

He clearly remembered the accident:

“Being one of the few pilots with a war experience and therefore having knowledge of the request, I shouted to the navigator and to the ground staff and I jumped over the base in less than four minutes. In a confusion that we had never listened to in any order from the operations phone (the speed in the air is supreme) so, I had no idea what was being plotted until, going up in height and resuming close control, I was give quick instructions from the radio telegraph. The ORBs report is correct, except on reflection in hindsight that the unidentified “aircraft” was almost certainly an unconventional aircraft. He lost height and as stated by the onboard radar the contact was much more difficult to maintain, to be established and maintained with the aircraft descending towards the ground. The navigator screen was flooded with the ground and became among the most disordered, I imagine …”

Kent’s meeting with “Charlie” beyond East Aanglia continued for 20 minutes until the ground control replaced the instructions and the navigator tried to capture the object with the Mosquito Radar.

” Never at any height, despite the sporadic radar contacts, did I manage to visualize something, but on a dark night at close range from a target at a speed of around 10 or 20 knots (11 or 23 miles per hour), with a extreme care in avoiding a collision and then maneuvering only a few degrees from the center, in night vision you should see a dark silhouette, often frighteningly close! ”

After losing contact the adventure ended and Kent continued to patrol the area with no other success. The following day he discussed the incident with the Neatishead controller and a report was sent to the officer in command of group 12. They decided that the “unidentified aircraft” had most likely been a weather balloon with a leak. The goal of the Radar, if this theory had been correct, would have been produced by the reflection of the metal pipes since the balloon was falling towards the ground. “The report, which I have seen, has no comment except a sketch on the edge of a punched ball.” Kent remembered.

Kent’s skepticism was typical of the RAF’s pragmatic behavior both for the “ghost plane” and, in the following years, towards the enigma of the flying saucer. However, the intrusions continued and Charlie appeared again on the night of January 23 although three senior officers from the Central Fighter Establishment were visiting the RAF’s Neatishead to check on an interception exercise. This was canceled when “an unidentified high altitude aircraft” appeared on the GCI radar at 28,000 feet. Squadron 23 Mosquitoes, which under normal circumstances would have been taken off immediately, were unavailable because they were already flying to RAF’s Coltishall. The closest and most available aircraft, a Mosquito from RAF Linton-on-Ouse Squadron 264 in Yorkshire, he was sent quickly but before he could reach the Norfolk coast, Charlie had disappeared from the radar screens. During the alert, the eastern sector arranged help from Squadron 74 Meteors and Air Force Lt. Lawrence was dispatched to “identify an unidentified aircraft offshore.” The “aircraft” disappeared before an interception was possible and with time. worsening, Lawrence’s Meteror who risked a severe freeze was forced to return to Horsham St Faith.

6. The investigation by the Ministry of Aeronautics.

This was the third time that the unidentified flying object was tracked by the defense stations on the English east coast, and the third time that the interception attempts ended in failure. On each occasion the mysterious signal came from the North Sea, towards Norfolk, before descending from the high altitude and disappearing from the Radar cover. Concern was escalating, and the ORBs report, as a direct result of the January 23 incident, Sewart Flight Officer from Northern Signal Headquarters spent six days at the RAF Neatishead on a special mission to investigate the mysterious events. Officer Sewart’s job was to produce a report “on the

Sewart’s report was completed on January 27, 1947, but is missing from the Public Relations office file, where it was listed as an attachment to the station register. Summarizing its contents, the leader of the Cruwys Squadron said “the evidence seems to be very strong” that the unidentified trace was caused by radio-sounding balloons released from the Downham Market in Norfolk. Downham was an airport for WWII bombers, which was used by the 8th USAAF Weather Squadron in 1947, to release balloons for studying the upper atmosphere. It can be inferred, in the absence of this original report, that Sewart linked the release of the radio probe balloon with Charlie’s movements. He may have decided that the balloons were trapped in a turbulence d ‘ air that developed over southern England, and then been blown back to the Norfolk stations. Their movements, although trapped in the upper air currents, would have taken the Radar operators to take them out of the way and cause them to be mistaken for aircraft.

In any case, the statements made by the Ministry of Air Force, mainly to the press in April 1947 and again to USAAF in July, clearly contradict Sewart’s conclusions and imply that the air staff remained with an open mind about identity by Charlie. Even the report by the Captain of Group Kent on the “unidentified aircraft” ends with this comment: “I said that an encounter with an exploded balloon was a possibility, later deduced from his behavior … but at that time these things (records flying) were unheard of and not taken seriously at all. ”

Other expert opinions attributed the strange Radar signal to bizarre weather conditions, in fact, Operation Charlie coincided with the arrival, on January 24, 1947 of a very cold weather in the south of England, a fact that did not escape attention of the Ministry of Air Force. Before the 1950s, knowledge of the role played by bizarre weather conditions and producing “false” echoes called “angels” was still in its infancy, although it was understood somewhat at the time, astronomer Dr. J. Allen Hynek , who was hired as a consultant for the US Air Force’s Blue Book project, believed that “atmospheric capsize effects” were most likely to explain the reports on the British “ghost plane”.

The Ministry of Air Force may have decided to exclude the majority of the mysterious signals on its screens, because balloons, but in July, when the US authorities began investigating the reports of “flying saucers”, the RAF continued to list the incidents in the sea of the north, as inexplicable. On Dr. Hynek’s note on this case we read: “The object observed here was obviously not astronomical. From the information given, it appears to be definitively an aircraft …” This raises an obvious question: if it was an aircraft, So where did it come from?

According to Geoff Easterling, the RAF’s prime suspect was a Russian intruder aircraft, which took off from a base in occupied Germany. In any case, if the speed and performance of the target traced on January 16, 1947, remembered by David Richards (and apparently confirmed simultaneously by the press reports) is correct, then it becomes an unlikely proposal. Soviet aircraft were unreliable over a wide range, and it seems inconceivable that a spy mission could risk a flight over English territory in a reckless way during a period of extreme and impracticable weather conditions. In addition, the Soviet version of the US B-25 were capable of a maximum speed of 250-300 knots (128-154 meters per second), a figure well within the possibility of interception of the RAF Mosquitoes.

It remains unclear whether other unidentified radar signals continued to haunt the RAF, because the era of the “ghost plane” became the era of the “flying saucers”. Recordings of Radar station reports on the English south coast describe a number of similar incidents during April and May 1947. In a report from the RAF Rye, a CH station in Kent, it reads: “… the most remarkable trace obtained it is an unidentified aircraft that has been reported from 52 miles to over the 186 mile limit. ”

The captain of Gruppo Kent recalls: “I have no other sorties listed in my reports as difficult interceptions like that of January 17, 1947, but I have flown a few other times against” strange “and” sinister “signals such as that seen by the Ground Radar in the surrounding area of East Anglia Island. I flew at least once in the day but saw nothing. ”

When the rumors about the state of panic of January 1947 leaked to national newspapers, in April the Ministry of Air Force decided to deny everything he knew. A spokesman told the Daily Telegraph that they would not take further action. “We have found no evidence to support the reports at all,” he said. The Yorkshire Post he was less inclined to let the mystery run completely and his newspaper proposed the problem from a different perspective:

” The Radar had reported some strange things at the time, from children’s kites, raindrops, to flocks of goose, but surely it had never traced anything stranger than this. What was the aircraft? Speculations brought us into those regions where the scenarios were at the center of so many terrifying stories in children’s books. Are you a diamond or drug smuggler? Is there a communication between a secret agent of one foreign power and another? secret documents and probably also a beautiful spy woman on board. Is it a guided missile? ”

The newspaper had compared the mystery of the ghost plane with the reports of the German ghost Zeppelin, which circulated before the outbreak of the First World War and observed: “It seems to be established that, it is only in a period of particular stress, that the public is in the psychological state to receive and circulate this kind of story. ” The practical steps to solve the mystery were clear: “The fast RAF fighters must continue in an attempt to intercept the visitor in case he returns. Our air service has the fastest fighters in the world and it should not be too difficult, in the meantime we we can enjoy the atmosphere of mystery and imagination that surrounds the phantom aircraft. ”

7. Conclusion

The most fascinating reference of Operation Charlie is not found in the pages of newspapers, but in the memoirs of the then head of the Blue Book Project, Captain Edward Ruppelt. In his book The Report on Unidentified Flying Objects(The Report on an Unidentified Flying Object), published in 1956, the retired officer devotes several pages to the description of an intelligent instruction document drawn up by the staff of the Project Sign in early 1948. This is the legendary “Estimate of the situation “, which lists a number of unexplained sightings and determines that the most likely explanation” was that they (the flying saucers) were interplanetary. ” The assessment traveled up to the highest echelons of the US Air Force where the chief of staff, General Hoyt S. Vanderberg, retorted. “The general would not purchase interplanetary vehicles and the report lacks evidence,” wrote Edward J. Ruppelt. “A few months later, it would be completely declassified and relegated to incinerators.”

Controversy has never surrounded the state of evaluation, as ever since Edward J. Ruppelt wrote these words. Not a single copy appears to have survived, and some have suggested that it never existed. In any case, Ruppelt describes by reading a copy that survived destruction, and exposes it as “a thin document with a white cover … with the words TOP SECRET printed on the front.” Included in the assessment was a collection of UFO reports prior to Kenneth Arnold’s sighting of June 24, 1947. The authors of the report used these to support their interplanetary theory, arguing that sightings prior to Arnold’s sightings did not they could be discarded like a drug addict or the sound of a shot in the distance from media stories.

The investigation into British reports established that six months before Kenneth Arnold’s sighting, the RAF had noted its first official report of an “unidentified flying object”. Furthermore, since July 1947 when the first “flying saucer” sighting occurred in the United States, the Air Force Ministry was unavailable to explain the intrusion it reported in January of that year. This implies that, a change of information about the “unidentified flying object” between the US and the UK began in 1946-47 with the ghost rocket and ghost planes. Cold War historian Richard Aldrich writes that air force was the latest trend of the post-war period “and it was appropriate that the

Air information files regarding “Operation Charlie” cannot be traced to the Public Reporting Office or the RAF Historic Branch at Bentley Priory. In any case, documents in the U.S. National Archives show the Assistant Chief of Staff of the Air Force of the Air Force Ministry, Air Force Vice Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst, working closely with his colleague from the Air Force Army ( General George McDonald) during the “ghost rocket” alarm in 1946. Although the Swedes had asked the RAF “to take all possible measures, to prevent the Americans from discovering that they (the Swedes) were fully cooperating in investigation into mysterious missiles “, Elmhirst discreetly passed all information on the subject to McDonald’s in Washington. Given the level of collaboration between post-war allies, we can be sure that a dossier on which Ruppelt cited “Operation Charlie” would have been shared at the highest levels with the Americans when the Project Sign was created. What the study contained and what conclusion it reached remains a mystery.

David Clarke

Note: In the original English-language document, the author wished to thank everyone who assisted him in the search, including Group Captain William Kent, British Air Force Lt. David Richards, British Air Force Lieutenant Geoff Easterling, Martin Shough, Jan Aldrich, Steven Payne and Mike Hooks of The Airplane.


Time travel?

Where we cannot go with our physical body, we can get there with thought. In a hypothetical time machine equipped with a highly evolved technology capable of disconnecting the human mind from the 1-dimensional reality (in which it finds itself, united with the physical body, interacting with the surrounding environment) and projecting it into a other N-dimensional reality, that is in a different space-time dimension (for example in 2000 BC or 2300 AD)[1], the body of a hypothetical time traveler would find himself immobile on a comfortable “brain-wringing” model bed, while his mind (in a very remote terrestrial reality in the past or in a very distant future), associated with a body ” virtual “which obviously would seem completely real to him, could observe every event that in that specific time interval came to life, but never in any way could interact with them. “He”, in whatever N-dimensional reality he was in, would always remain a passive spectator, a ghost able to cross the walls without any effort, but with a heart that beats and therefore sensitive to any change in the state of his bio-condition. dynamic. What would not make him sink into the bowels of the Earth, would only be his … I believe, one’s willpower; that is that energy that, if used in other words, could even allow it to move … flying. Traveling through time, for this individual, would therefore be like having a daydream.

Each time interval is to be included (as a well-defined point) in a given oscillation of the curvature of the space and to each degree of oscillation, a specific model of space properly called N-dimensional must therefore be associated. This oscillation of the curvature of space could in any case be cyclical, and its duration could vary from a few minutes (which is not very credible) to a few millennia on Earth (which is a little more credible). The more or less reliable evaluation of the duration of the latter could be obtained indirectly if the frequency and intensity of gravitational waves could be measured.

If the oscillation of the curvature of space were truly cyclical, it would not be difficult at all to imagine patterns of space that would repeat themselves over time. To give an example: if in 1492 AD there had been a model of X-dimensional space on Earth, it could correspond exactly to its twin X1-dimensional of 2200 AD

. What other fundamental factor must therefore be taken into account in the construction of a hypothetical time machine (in addition to the measurement parameters concerning the oscillation of the curvature of the space), so that a possible traveler can safely decide to move in 2200 AD, without having to unwittingly find himself, after pressing a button, in 1492 AD? Simple, of the expansion of the Universe.

Up to now we have considered only the possibility, for human thought, of traveling in time; without obviously being able to prove that it really exists. Admitting this, despite the fact that this possibility reflects a certain level of probability inherent in the nature of time travel (from a rational-intuitive point of view) and therefore, that it is to be considered entirely plausible, we could ask ourselves: how it would look, before the eyes of a hypothetical time traveler who finds himself virtually projected in a time interval very far from his N-dimensional reality (for example in 2500 BC or in 6500 AD, or approximately 4500 Earth years away from his time interval), reality physical-dynamic surrounding it? He would perhaps see the images (i.e. the events) of this reality, distorted and therefore … “unnatural” due to a large difference in the curvature of the space compared to that inherent in the time interval he left (from his mind, be clear), to move to the past or future ? Or would there be no such problem at all, since its virtual image would immediately adapt to any model of space in which it found itself? Appealing only to common sense, we could easily choose the second solution. since his virtual image would immediately adapt to any model of space in which he found himself? Appealing only to common sense, we could easily choose the second solution. since his virtual image would immediately adapt to any model of space in which he found himself? Appealing only to common sense, we could easily choose the second solution.

To finish off this short digression on time travel (foreseen by Einstein’s equations in the theory of Restricted Relativity and never seriously taken into consideration by any scientist … serious, due to the Paradox of the twins, the Paradox of the grandfather and many other “logical” paradoxes that they involve), I will now consider the possibility, for a human being (or for any different physical body, whether animated or not), that is, for a physical entity formed by atoms and molecules and therefore weightable , to travel through time. I state that it is absolutely not my intention to be able to corroborate this possibility and even less to minimize it; what I intend to do is only analyze the most relevant aspects and consequences from a physical point of view ”

Imagine two points in space (A and B, see next figure), among which there is a certain distance (C), in three distinct dimensional situations; that is, in three distinct space-time fabrics. To facilitate your understanding, I would suggest that you compare the distance C to the space-time fabric.


Apparently, reflecting in Euclidean terms, it would seem that the distance between A and B decreases parallel to the decrease in the curvature of the space-time fabric, or vice versa, well this is not absolutely true.

Imagine that the space-time fabric (C) represents a long metallic filament therefore made up of atoms and molecules. Measuring the distance between the points A and B, that is between its ends, in any model of N-dimensional space we found ourselves, the filament would always appear to us equal. This is due to the simple fact that not only the metal filament is influenced by the curvature of space-time, but also the observer. Where then is it necessary to research the physical differences inherent in the three (see figure) filament patterns? Or, going back to time travel, in the three individual models (if the same individual finds himself in three different models of space or space-time fabric)?

Would the three filaments-individuals show the same quantum behavior in all the different models (three) of space-time? Let’s find out:

A dilated space-time fabric, due to its own “strong” curvature, implies a considerable decrease in the absolute value of Time (| T |) and in parallel an important increase in the absolute value of space (| S |). This important characteristic of the space-time fabric is nothing more than a logical consequence of the mathematization of the concept of space-time, that is K (where K represents a constant, present in every point of the Universe). This hypothesis-consideration was advanced on the basis of the idea of ​​Prigogine on a Universal time (which originally belonged to Bergson); concept that he developed in mathematical terms in the book “Between Time and Eternity” with an analysis of the distribution systems of the average internal times of space-time.

It is clear that no physicist … sane, would never dare to question the fact that space and time are entirely relative to the system to which they belong; and therefore never ever would venture to speak of an absolute space and time. But as we have seen, thanks to Prigogine’s work, it is possible at least to accept the idea of ​​an Absolute Time.

Now, fully accepting this premise, that is, that the entire Universe is defined by a sort of Absolute Time, thanks to that simple game of symmetries that has always characterized every new principle in the scientific field, its counterpart must necessarily also exist … that is the Absolute Space!

If we take for certain the assumption that the fundamental structure of space-time remains constant in every point of the Universe, we must also take it for granted that space and time must necessarily be subject to a universal law of complementarity, apt to guarantee the invariability of the fundamental structure of spacetime … in any region of the Universe!

At this point it would be completely wrong to believe that I want to propose, in other guises, the famous Cosmological Constant of Einstein; the product of space and time (whether absolute or relative) defines a constant (K) that cannot be expressed in units of energy (Joules, electronVolt, calories …)!

Instead, what represents this constant, which I have defined with the symbol K, is nothing but the spectrum, the “soul” of each space-time structure; obviously expressed with a symbolic unit of measure.

A parenthesis:

It has been known for some time now that, using the same words as J. Magueijo: ” the problem of the Cosmological Constant is given by the fact that the energy of the vacuum is not” diluted “by the expansion of the Universe, to the contrary to what happens to matter and radiation. For this reason, the energy of the vacuum would quickly end up dominating the Universe, unless there is a way to brutally suppress it already in the early Universe “.

Magueijo, an internationally renowned physicist of Portuguese origin, even claims that the speed of light is not constant in the Universe; from this hypothesis-premise he elaborated a series of theories related to the concepts of Special and General Relativity (which together are called VSL; the acronym translates into varying speed of light) with which he would, as he himself claims: ” found a way to exorcise the Cosmological constant “.

There is only one way to restore the concept of Cosmological Constant, without it coming into conflict with the laws of Theory of Relativity, and is to understand this Constant as a symbolic entity, linked to the concept of energy from such subtle planes , which today’s man is not yet able to visualize and therefore to expose in mathematical form; only in this sense, it is possible to identify the constant K, with the Cosmological Constant.

The increase in the absolute value of space implies, in turn, a necessary atomic-molecular compression of the object in question capable of guaranteeing its energetic compactness. This is a necessary condition so that the atoms that make up the body in question do not tend to dissociate from each other (which happens instead, the tendency to atomic dissociation, more commonly called radioactivity, to all those bodies that are in a space that tends to contract and where the absolute value of Time tends to increase considerably). A radioactive body must therefore be understood as a complex form of energy, capable of causing space to contract!

It could therefore be hypothesized that a radioactive body that moves in space at very high speeds, emits fewer radioactive particles, compared to another (identical) object that is instead in a state of quiet. We have therefore come to this point to propose in a new guise, as the final condition of our initial N-dimensional space-time model, the so-called … Length contraction (foreseen in the General Relativity and “similar” to that of Lorentz for high speeds; this analogy is evident to us if we consider the space traveled by a body in linear motion, as dilated with respect to the space that circumscribes the same body in an inertial system).

Let’s now compare our assumptions with some foundations of General Relativity in order to make them a little more evident and therefore, in certain aspects of … validating them:

RG theory predicts that clocks are slower near a mass. [The absolute time value decreases considerably when space tends to expand, and vice versa. A strong curvature of the space implies a strong expansion of the same. Around a mass the space is very curved, it follows that clocks must go more slowly].

The theory of the RG foresees that in proximity of a mass, the graduated rods (lengths) shorten.

An interesting aspect of the physical reality in which our very nice time traveler could find himself, after a few millennia from his initial time interval (that is, from his own model of initial space), is that it could make him appear (before the eyes of the Father Eternal, the only observer not subject to space-time constraints), with a different “stature” for each different model of space-time. Which he obviously could never realize.

All these “logical” considerations and deductions on the nature of time travel, we can accept them only if we take for granted the initial assumption on the cyclical oscillation of the space-time curvature of the Universe; otherwise they would make no sense….At the end:

I am simply saying that the mass of a body could vary depending on the curvature of the space in which it is located. The mass of a body moving away from the Earth should therefore in principle decrease significantly. This decrease, however, due to its infinitely small entity, will certainly remain imponderable for many years for the human race. Inertial mass and gravitational mass may therefore not be the same, but since on Earth the variation of the Gravitational Constant is too small to be measurable, nobody has so far never been able to infer this possibility. because of its infinitely small entity, it will surely remain imponderable for many years for mankind. Inertial mass and gravitational mass may therefore not be the same, but since on Earth the variation of the Gravitational Constant is too small to be measurable, nobody has so far never been able to infer this possibility. because of its infinitely small entity, it will surely remain imponderable for many years for mankind. Inertial mass and gravitational mass may therefore not be the same, but since on Earth the variation of the Gravitational Constant is too small to be measurable, nobody has so far never been able to infer this possibility.

Ultimately, we could venture the hypothesis that the frequency of the standing waves that define the energy levels of the atoms that make up a certain body that moves away from the Earth, due to the decrease in the curvature of space and therefore a slight contraction of the same, tends to increase significantly. In this case, the body in question would tend to exhibit a certain (albeit minimal) radioactive behavior, which would lead to an inevitable and obviously imponderable decrease in its mass. From this hypothesis, another even more bizarre one follows:

The increase in the frequency of the standing waves would entail a proportional increase in the quantum interferences of the system under consideration. The speed of decoherence[2] of this system, due to its progressive removal from Earth, would therefore tend to decrease; this is because there would be, in such a system, many more quantum interferences to be eliminated. The body in question could therefore in this case exhibit a certain quantum-classical behavior.

Returning for the umpteenth and last time to our dearest time traveler (Mr. Jack-fly-A), we could even imagine that he, in certain space models in which he was unfortunately “projected”, assumes a quantum-classic behavior. Before the eyes of a possible troglodyte or an eminent scientist of 2600, he could therefore appear and disappear; exactly like the light of an intermittent bulb. Such hypotheses or considerations, could certainly remind someone of the salient parts of Charles Berlitz’s book: the Philadelphia experiment. What if we were invaded by “hordes of tourists from the future” on a daily basis, contrary to what Hawking claims, but we did not realize it simply because we are unable to see them?

Fausto Intilla


[1]The idea of ​​a multi-dimensional space must not deceive us by letting us fly with the imagination to imagine … “things of the other world”. Time is one and only and like the space with which it is associated, and in every second that the hand of our clock shows, an infinite series of space-time dimensions is included. In this case, it is necessary to be able to distinguish multi-dimensional space as a purely abstract concept that falls exclusively in the field of mathematics, from the classic (real) four-dimensional (3D + T) divisible, thanks to the infinite values ​​of T (time), in a series also infinite of “models” of space-time, carelessly and perhaps equally improperly defined N-dimensional. There are some theories in the field of physics that aim to demonstrate the possible existence of multidimensional realities (ND + T) that are not exclusively of mathematical domain, but physical and therefore conceivable only in other universes equally absurd and very far from our every possible imagination; in any case, these theories must absolutely not be taken into consideration in this context.

[2]In a “measurement” model, what produces the reduction of the wave packet is the interaction of the system with what is around it (for example the “measuring device” itself). More generally, quantum objects are never completely isolated from what surrounds them, where “what surrounds them” means everything that interacts with the system (a device, air molecules, photons, etc.). ..). The multiple interactions between the quantum object and “its surroundings” cause a very rapid destruction of the system’s quantum interference. Interferences are a wave phenomenon, and characterize quantum behavior. The destruction of interferences, in turn, entails a suppression of the superpositions of states that characterize the quantum object; it therefore, having only some simple states, immediately assumes a classical behavior. In a macroscopic object (a cat for example), each of its atoms interacts with all the other atoms in the environment around it. All these interactions spontaneously cause a “hum” of quantum interference, which disappears almost instantly. That’s why quantum physics doesn’t apply to our scale: systems are never isolated. This phenomenon has been called “decoherence”, since it is the destruction of the coherence of quantum states that eliminates interference. The decoherence speed increases with the size of the system. A cat, for example, made up of about 10e27 particles, “decoheres” in 10e23 seconds. This explains why “dead-living” cats have never been seen, and finally why decoherence is so difficult to observe.

The disclosure of information (whether scientific or not) should have no price, and should also be carried out through all possible and imaginable information channels, and since for now (thanks to the Internet), within certain limits this is possible, I have the firm intention to actively contribute in this “daring enterprise”, worthy of any adept belonging to the “Sect of the Extinct Poets”. My hope, of course, is that this freedom will never be taken away from anyone.


Operation Charlie by David Clarke

The British Air Defense Radars had traced an unidentified flying object, six months before Kenneth Arnold’s sighting, of a formation of nine strange objects over the Cascade Mountains.

The “flying saucers” and UFOs were not yet invented concepts, when an RAF base made an urgent call to the headquarters of the Caccia Commando, reporting an unusual return electric wave moving towards the English coasts. It was January 1947, and the war-tired country was getting stronger with the arrival of one of the heaviest winters ever had in Britain. As the temperatures dropped more and more, the strong winds were accompanied by six weeks of heavy snow. Public transportation had been stopped and the government forced to remedy a “cabinet crisis”, as cuts in power had caused the country to jump into chaos. In the midst of this fierce winter in England’s east began to receive visits from what the RAF described in official reports as an “unidentified high altitude aircraft”.This “phantom object” was later referred to as “unidentified flying object”.

This document includes all available information concerning the major UK incident prior to Kenneth Arnold’s sighting and based on evidence kept in official files kept by the London Public Registries Office (PRO), newspaper archives and interviews. to previous “Royal Air Force” personnel who play a role in Operation Charlie.

Standard Evening Air Report

A “ghost” aircraft, located at night on the radar screen for Fighter Command aircraft over the North Sea, may have been a radio controlled machine such as air bombs. If it were, it wouldn’t be British.

Twice, the “ghost” plane, which has not yet been identified, has been located on the radar screens.

This happened a few weeks ago. Since the observers of the Fighter Command Radar have been on alert, the “ghost” aircraft has never reappeared.

The hypothesis that smugglers were bringing unauthorized materials to the Norfolk coast at night can be discarded. The “ghost” did not cross the coast.

It remained on the Radar screen only for a short time, but long enough for the Fighter Command experts to understand that the “ghost” was a machine with a particular behavior.

As I was told by the Air Ministry, there have been sudden and irregular speed changes. The “ghost” would travel at 425 miles per hour and then, all of a sudden, drop to 120.

There were also large changes in altitude and it also had a rapid change in variometric speed.

An unmanned aircraft, driven by radio from land or from a ship, could suddenly change speed and altitude without risking the life of any aviator.

“Remote control” would indicate who is controlling the machine’s performance.



UFO – Hagen, Germany, 1980

The object observed in the video below, made by Marrs Dommin on the afternoon of June 4, 1980 in Hagen in Germany, and which has become part of the UFO case history as the filmed footage of an unidentified flying object, is in all likelihood a toy ball of the “Ufo Solar” type.

The hypothesis that the object observed in the video is a “Ufo Solar” is supported by several elements found in the scene of the movie.

First of all, the erratic flight of the object observed in the video is typical of the “Ufo Solar” toy balloons, since it is at any moment subjected to the whims of the wind and the convective currents that developed within it, following heating or cooling of the air contained therein, as a consequence of a greater exposure to the sun of one portion of the flask than another.

For the duration of the shooting, the object makes an evident upward movement, slowly moving away from the observation point, just like a “Ufo Solar” toy balloon that tends to rise continuously due to the heating of the air inside it.

Furthermore, in the movie the presence of clouds is not observed, this condition is indispensable for determining the flight of the “Ufo Solar” toy balloon, as its surface must be hit in full by the rays of the sun until the air inside heats up .

The shape of the object is the same as a “Ufo Solar” toy balloon.

Finally, on June 4, 1980, no Radar sighting of unidentified metal objects in flight near the filming location was reported, and this in support of the hypothesis that the wrapping of the object shown in the video was plastic , just like the “Ufo Solar” balloons, a material transparent to the radio waves emitted by the Radar and therefore cannot be intercepted by them.